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A g r i c u l t u r e  N u r s e r y  353

Ranawara

(Casia auriculata)

RGH 0019

Botanical name-Cassia auriculata
English name-Mature tea tree

Sinhala name:-Ranawara
Tamil name-AvAra

 

Casia auriculata is a legume tree in the subfamily Caesalpinioideae. It is commonly known by its local names matura tea tree, ranawara or avaram

It occurs in the dry regions of India and Sri Lanka. It is common along the sea coast and the dry zone in Sri Lanka.

The fruit is a short legume, 7.5–11 cm long, 1.5 cm broad, oblong, obtuse, tipped with long style base, flat, thin, papery, undulately crimpled, pilose, pale brown. 12-20 seeds per fruit are carried each in its separate cavity.

According to Dr Seela Fernando, "HERBAL FOOD and MEDICINES in SRI LANKA"  the five parts of the Ranawara tree such as leaves, roots ,flowers, bark and seeds are commonly used in indigenous treatment. They are used especially in the treatment of diseases of the urinary organs and also in case of constipation.

According to Fernando it gives excellent results in the treatment of diabetes either as a powder as a decocation with bee’s honey.

An infusion of the leaves makes a cool drink. Ayurvedic physicians have recommended Ranawara leaves and flowers in the form of tea, especially in the case of diabetes. The people in the dry zone drink it as a remedy for malaria or other fevers.”

 

 

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